Healthy soil

Understanding soil functions and the ecosystem services delivered is key to maintaining healthy soil.

Soil science diagram. Keestra et al., 2016.Seven major soil functions and the Ecosystem Services they provide (EC, 2006) following the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment approach:

  1. Biomass production, including agriculture and forestry
  2. Storing, filtering and transforming nutrients, substances and water
  3. Biodiversity pool, such as habitats, species and genes
  4. Physical and cultural environment for humans and human activities
  5. Source of raw material
  6. Acting as carbon pool
  7. Archive of archaeological and geological heritage